Kursk Oblast


Kursk Oblast
   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Part of the Central Federal District and Central Black Earth Economic Region, Kursk borders Bryansk, Oryol, Lipetsk, Voronezh, Belgorod, and northeastern Ukraine. Kursk Oblast has a land area of 29,800 square kilometers and a population of 1.2 million. Generally, the region is hilly, with an average elevation of between 175 and 225 meters. There are nearly 1,000 rivers and streams in the oblast, endowing the region with extensive water resources. Much of the forest has been cleared, making the region suitable for farming the rich chernozem soil; key crops include wheat, corn, sunflowers, and sugar beets.
   The region was the scene of the pivotal Battle of Kursk during 1943, one of the turning points in the Soviet-Axis conflict. The region is one of Russia’s most industrially developed with nearly 10,000 firms in operation (more than 90 percent of which are privately owned). Manufacturing accounts for nearly half of the regional GDP, with engineering, nuclear energy, metalworking, and chemicals being the most important sectors. The oblast is on the site of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, the world’s largest iron ore basin; both open-pit and underground mining of dolomite, copper-nickel ores, and bauxite are prevalent in the region.
   Kursk, one of Russia’s oldest cities, is an important scientific, cultural, and industrial center, with transportation links to Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation drew strong support from Kursk in the early 1990s. In 1996, former Russian Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoy was elected governor with 76 percent of the vote; however, he was prevented from standing for office in 2000 for failure to properly register his car. A Communist, Aleksandr Mikhailov, won the election in 2000 with a campaign that smacked of anti-Semitism; he left the KPRF in 2005 to join United Russia and was quickly reappointed by Vladimir Putin. Mikhailov has greatly expanded his oblast’s relationship with Ukraine and Belarus while in office.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Kursk Oblast — Infobox Russian federal subject EnglishName=Kursk Oblast RussianName=Курская область Locator LocatorMap CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of arms of Kursk Oblast FlagLink=Flag of Kursk Oblast AnthemLink= None AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center… …   Wikipedia

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  • Zheleznogorsk, Kursk Oblast — Zheleznogorsk ( ru. Железногорск) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located some 130 km northwest of Kursk. Population: 96,200 (2005 est.); 95,558 (2002 Census).Zheleznogorsk was founded in 1957 due to the development of iron ore deposits in the …   Wikipedia

  • Kur River (Kursk Oblast) — Kur River (IPA kuʀ; ru. река Кур, IPA ʀʲɛka kuʀ) is a river in central Russia. It flows through the city of Kursk, where it falls into the Tuskar River ( ru. Тускарь), which then falls into the Seym.External links* [http://www.kommersant.com/tree …   Wikipedia

  • Kalinovka, Kursk Oblast — Kalinovka ( ru. Калиновка) is a village ( selo ) in Khomutovsky District of Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is the birthplace of Nikita Khrushchev …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Kursk Oblast — *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Kursk (Курск) (administrative center) *** city okrugs : ****Seymsky (Сеймский) ****Tsentralny (Центральный) ****Zheleznodorozhny (Железнодорожный) **Kurchatov (Курчатов) **Lgov (Льгов)… …   Wikipedia

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